Skin is like an apple: it oxidizes. Cellular oxidation, better known as “oxidative stress”, is the main reason for skin aging due to a combined action of exogenous and endogenous factors (exposition to the sun’s rays, smoke, pollution, our metabolism). Oxidative stress partly explains the loss of skin elasticity, first wrinkles appearance, skin blemishes and some problems tied to its maturity. Free radicals, responsible for oxidative stress, are naturally produced by our body. In order to prevent free radicals we must protect the organism from their attacks and improve our body’s natural defenses.
also known as tocopherol, it has an important antioxidant function and protects the body against the effects of free radicals and oxidative stress. Cell membrane contains lipids whose actions help to prevent oxidation. Tocopherol is a fat soluble vitamin well conveyed in the lipid composition of the skin as such, where it operates as a membrane stabilizer protecting the same against damage by free radicals. Vitamin E and A molecular complexes are particularly stable in cosmetic formulations, so that they’re definitely effective in anti-ageing treatments.
also known as retinol, protects cell membranes from free radicals action especially in a combined action with vitamin E and it is fundamental for the tropism. It enhances skin elasticity and thickness inducing the differentiation of epithelia and increasing cellular turnover.
is extracted from the grape seeds and possessed significant antioxidant properties due to the presence of polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids. It protects skin from free radicals, weathering and then from premature aging.
E.G. Vite Rossa (red wine):
the Vitis Vinifera extract is rich in flavonoids and resveratrol ; their action stabilizes cell membranes by strengthening the capacity to counteract enzymatic damages. They also stimulate collagen production and play an antiradical function.
Leontopodium alpinum meristem cell culture:
Edelweiss or Leontopodium alpinum is a herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family which grows spontaneously on mountains ranges from the Pyrenees and the Alps to the Himalayas. it is very rare. The Edelweiss has developed defense mechanisms to survive the extreme heights where it lives and to protect itself from the great solar radiation exposure. Scientific studies have demonstrated the presence of powerful antioxidants in this plant and other anti-inflammatory substances with cytoprotective properties.